Can We Control the Weather? This is a technology that has been tried before

Can We Control the Weather? This is a technology that has been tried before
Can We Control the Weather? This is a technology that has been tried before

The human dream of being able to control the weather has existed for a long time. Along with the development of science and technology, this dream seems difficult to be realized in the near future.

Experiments with controlling the weather have been done for good. Such as expelling rain clouds so as not to flood, making artificial rain in dry areas.

Extinguish forest fires and smog, prevent hail and hurricanes, clear the air of smog pollution, or even when war makes it difficult for the enemy to move due to heavy rain.

With the latest advances in computer technology, it is only capable of simulating the physical processes of the global atmosphere. Scientists are still often confused about how converting certain input parameters into a computer model can produce unexpected outputs.

How can we set atmospheric physics processes in the real world to work our way? Can humans control the weather? This is a list of technologies that humans use to control the weather. The technology that is operated now to the technology of the future that we may apply.

Weather Control Technology

This is a list of technologies that humans use to control the weather. The technology that is operated now to the technology of the future that we may apply.

Hail Cannon

Hail cannon is a large cannon like a giant trumpet aimed at the sky. A chemical mixture of acetylene and oxygen is burned under the muzzle. Then an explosion is created and creates a shockwave that will be transmitted into the sky.

Hail cannons were used by grape growers in rural France in the early 20th century. Farmers use it to prevent the occurrence of large hail that can damage crops.

Seemingly plausible, a shockwave directed at the storm cloud would be expected to vibrate the ice within. So that the ice breaks into small grains or becomes water when it rains. But in reality this is not the case, the ice that forms in clouds still forms and falls as large ice grains on the ground.

The shockwave air pressure required at least to vibrate the clouds at an altitude of 1 km is 300 hPa. While the hail cannon shock wave even at a distance of 100 m only reached 1.3 hPa.

In addition, storm clouds also generate their own shockwaves by releasing electrons that are jarred by lightning activity. What happened was that the farmers were scolded by their neighbors for the loud explosions. So the use of hail cannon has been abandoned now because it is ineffective and even detrimental.


Wilhelm Reich made a device which he named the Cloudbuster. Which is claimed to be able to make rain by controlling the energy of orgone in the atmosphere. This tool is a metal pipe rod that points to the sky and is filled with water, which is shaped like a high-end military weapon.

Cloudbuster is used like a lightning rod, which can collect orgone energy and absorb it from the atmosphere through the medium of water in the pipe. The absence of orgone energy in the air is said to form clouds and rain.

In fact, cloudbuster and orgone energy are just pseudoscience, there has never been orgone energy in the real world. So now it's just an artifact in rural Europe.


The smoke from these chimneys contains real ingredients that can make clouds grow and produce rain. This chimney emits smoke in the form of powdered grains of Silver Iodine (AgI) particles and micrometer-sized dry ice (CO2) which will be carried away by the wind.

The placement of these chimneys must be strategic in the mountains or hills where the orographic cloud formation process occurs. This method is a glaciogenic cloud seeding technique. By disrupting the physical process of cold clouds that have super cold temperatures of up to -40 °C.

In subtropical areas, water vapor in the atmosphere cannot simply change phase into water droplets. Even though the ambient temperature has reached freezing point. Water vapor will condense into water droplets when it hits the condensation core in the form of small dust or small organisms that float in the atmosphere.

Addition of AgI which has a crystalline structure similar to ice crystals to the atmosphere. AgI acts as an artificial condensation nucleus that will accelerate water vapor into water droplets and ice.

Dry ice acts to lower the ambient temperature while these molecules evaporate. So the clouds get colder and more ice crystals are formed into rain and snow.

According to research this method can increase rain up to 10%. Unfortunately this method can only be used in a limited area. There must be sufficient availability of moisture in the atmosphere in the region and it is highly dependent on wind.

The government of the state of Wyoming, United States has carried out cloud seeding activities with chimneys for operations. It is carried out throughout November to April to increase rainfall intensity for water supply in the area during the dry summer season.

Rocket and Cannon

Like the rockets used in warfare, these rockets are useful for shooting down targets from the sky. But not planes or drones, but water in the clouds falling into rain or snow.

If the chimney is dependent on the wind, seed material can be blown into the wrong target. Then the rocket is used to send the seed material directly to the target cloud.

Similar to a chimney, rockets carry AgI seed material and dry ice to disperse into potential clouds that can increase rainfall yields.

The use of rockets and cannons for cloud seeding is routinely used in China. As in the 2008 Beijing Olympics to prevent rain from occurring in sports venues and supply water for agriculture.


The effectiveness of delivering seed material by chimneys and rockets to the target cloud is still low, then the aircraft will send it directly into the atmosphere to the cloud. Despite their greater cost, aircraft are often used because they are more precise.

The Stormfurry and Cirrus projects by the United States in the mid-1970s had used aircraft to repel storms by deploying AGI into the eyewall of the storm. However, the project was discontinued because the storms often grew rather than weakened.

Hygroscopic cloud seeding technique with salt is useful for binding water droplets in the cloud to combine to form larger water droplets, so that rain can occur.

However, cloud seeding technology is still being questioned by many scientists. Because of its effectiveness in increasing rainfall, it is relatively low and it is difficult to ascertain whether the increase in rainfall is caused by seed material or other factors due to many influencing factors.


The Swiss company Meteo Systems makes antennas that emit trillions of electrically charged ions or particles to create clouds and rain. Experiments conducted in the desert of the United Arab Emirates claim this technique is able to increase the intensity of rain in the UAE during 2010, although scientists are skeptical.

According to the theory, these ions bind to the condensation nuclei in the clouds and are able to make them last a long time in the air. The longer it is in the air, the longer it will take for the droplets to grow into rain. The World Meteorological Organization says this method lacks a solid scientific basis and is suspect in claims of artificial rain.

The High Frequency Antenna Active Auroral Research Program is a United States Army research project to study the structure of the upper atmosphere of the ionosphere, which is of great importance in radio communications. This antenna can't affect the movement of the atmosphere at all because it passively only receives the signal generated by the atmosphere.


Infrared laser beams aimed at moist air and clouds can trigger artificial lightning. The discharge of charge by lightning increases the temperature in the atmosphere, so that the molecular bonds between nitrogen and oxygen are broken.

This idea stems from research that hail storms are correlated with the intensity of lightning events. This endothermic reaction process (absorbs heat) creates an electron-charged plasma that acts as a condensation nucleus so that water droplets can expand and become rain.

Another use of laser technology is inspired by the Wilson cloud chamber, which is used to detect cosmic rays. Researchers at the University of Geneva conducted an experiment with a fog chamber that was bombarded with short-term, intense laser beams of intense intensity, which carried energy up to terawatts.

The mist chamber in 3 seconds instantly forms water droplets that can be seen with the eye. Direct experiments on the atmosphere were carried out in Berlin in 2008. After a laser shot into the sky, small clouds formed, but they were still too small to cause rain.

Until now, the use of lasers is still in the experimental stage and cannot be applied to operational activities. Many scientists also say that the water vapor content in the atmosphere is too low to create clouds with current laser technology.


The idea of ​​using satellites to control the weather dates back to the early 1990s. The basic principle is to use the sun's energy to collect or focus it and send it to a desired location on the earth's surface.

With the laser beam from the satellite, it is hoped that it can trigger the atmosphere to form water vapor into clouds. Unfortunately this technology is still only a dream, there has never been an experiment in the real world and only exists in the Geostorm movie.

Due to the high cost of operating satellites, moreover satellites to change the weather require a large satellite network to be effective. And the ability to convert solar energy into laser energy is still not enough to produce high-energy lasers.

Those are various human technologies used to control the weather. For now, the dream of controlling the weather is far from reality because it is too expensive and many materials, and the technology is not yet capable.

The universe is too big for humans to conquer. For now it is better to use science and technology to better understand how the weather works and predict its consequences. Cooperate with nature, not control it.
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